In coordination with Lonin, a martial arts cooperative focused on the practice of historical martial arts from around the world, I offer instruction in an art known as Jiki Shinkage-ryu to a small group of people.
I was fortunate to learn portions of the curriculum of Jiki Shinkage-ryu at the Hobyokan dojo from David Hall, where I received a chuden menjo in 2018. Dave Hall studied Jiki Shinkage-ryu under Namiki Yasushi (並木靖), 18th generation headmaster of the school, receiving the rank of jomokuroku and permission to teach in the United States in in order to further his own practice.
What We Practice
Jiki Shinkage-ryu is one of the most powerful forms of Japanese swordsmanship. It places emphasis on posture, breathing, focusing the mind and spirit (kiai), and developing a powerful cutting ability. It has a very austere character, with kata that are very strenuous to perform and develop a hard form of internal power.
Jiki Shinkage-ryu was founded by Matsumoto Bizen no Kami during the late 16th century and regards itself as the "true" or "correct" Shinkage-ryu. Jiki Shinkage-ryu contains a profound training regimen focused around the development of kiai (気合), which can be regarded as the active complement of aiki (合気) cultivated by other arts. Its fourth headmaster, Ogasawara Genshinsai Minamoto no Nagaharu (小笠原源 信斎源長冶, 1574–1644), spent 20 years in Beijing in the early 17th century, practicing Chinese martial arts, including the large and heavy kwan dao. Its 14th headmaster, Sakakibara Kenkichi (榊原鍵吉, 1830–1894), was bodyguard to the last Shogun and keeper of Edo castle.
Up until the late 19th century, Jiki Shinkage-ryu was a sogo-bujutsu, and included in addition to tachi and kodachi the practice of bo, naginata, yari, and yawara (grappling) in its curriculum. A focus on shinai sparring by Sakakibara, which increased the arts reputation and popularity, also led to eventual loss of those additional practices.
The word "jiki" means "correct" or "true". The emphasis on kiai and dominant spirit in Jiki are an outward (omote) manifestation of some of the essences of Shinkage-ryu. Because Shinkage-ryu grows out of a deep study of and critique of Shinto-ryu by its founder (Kamiizumi Ise No Kami), it is said to contain the gokui or essence of Shinto-ryu in its foundational kata, empi no tachi. Empi is a core part of Yagyu Shinkage-ryu as it was the first set taught by Kamiizumi to his students, with other kata were developed later to explain and elaborate on its principles. Empi is curiously absent in Jiki Shinkage-ryu's formalism; indeed, it may have been developed after Matsumoto Bizen no Kami studied under Kamiizumi. But, key elements of the practice can be found distributed throughout Jiki Shinkage-ryu, if you look hard enough.
Today, Jiki Shinkage-ryu has fewer techniques than other systems of kenjutsu, and I believe an exploration of both applications within the kata (called kuzushi) and free sparring (called tameshi ai) is essential to realize the full potential of its practice. In doing so, I draw upon my broader martial arts experience. Because we do not change the Jiki Shinkage-ryu kata we practice, but simply explore their application, we hope to still be able to practice with others over time, doing so in a manner that does justice to the art's long and rich history.
Because Jiki Shinkage-ryu is very strenuous and austere, it can be (and has been) at times pursued to extremes. It is helpful to balance and inform its practice by also studying internal martial arts such as Taijiquan. The Chinese influence on Jiki Shinkage-ryu in the early 17th century makes Jiki Shinkage-ryu more compatible with internal principles than other Japanese martial arts. This was recommended to my teacher by his sempai when he was learning the art in Japan, and I am fortunate to have an active practice of Taijiquan I can rely on to embrace that commitment. As a result, my practice of Jiki Shinkage-ryu is conducted in a manner I feel to be consistent with internal martial arts principles. In that way, Jiki Shinkage-ryu as practiced at the Gassankan is a hard form of internal martial arts.
Information about our curriculum can be found here.