Inner Dharma

Inner Dharma is a resource focused on classical and traditional martial arts and culture. Here you will find a description of both my training background and current activities, as well as a bibliography of reference material and training groups I recommend. This website used to be primarily focused on a set of essays; I have preserved some of them for future reference.


The Gassankan or Yueshan Guan is a martial arts activity coordinated by Mark Raugas in Seattle focused on traditional Chinese internal martial arts and classical Japanese swordsmanship.

Classical Japanese Swordsmanship

The Gassankan or "Moon Mountain School" is an independent martial arts training activity located in Seattle, focused on developing skill in classical and traditional approaches to internal martial arts. Its name is inspired by the Dewa Sanzan area of Japan. It was when visiting the Gassan Dai Jinja Shinto Shrine on Mt. Haguro and the Hagurosan Shozen-in temple of Haguro Shugendo in Haguro-machi that I decided to shift my focus from practicing modern jujutsu towards learning classical and traditional martial arts.

Jiki Shinkage-ryu Practice at the Seattle Budokan

The Gassankan maintains a training cadre focused on the kata of Jiki Shinkage-ryu and related arts in Seattle, with an emphasis on body mechanics respecting internal martial arts principles, deep exploration of kata, and free practice called tameshi ai.

Chinese Internal Martial Arts

I am also the 40th chair formal (lineal) student of Shifu Zhang Yun, who trained extensively under the late Wang Peisheng (Yin Cheng) in Beijing and now resides in Pittsburgh, PA. My internal martial arts practice is currently focused on Northern Wu Style Taijiquan, Hebei Xingyiquan, and the Yin, Cheng, and Liu styles of Baguazhang as taught in North American Yin Cheng Gong Fa.

I may be reached at the email address below.

Mark Raugas
mark [at] innerdharma [dot] org